Carolyn Bertozzi and George Smoot are among 143 new Fellows of the fledgling National Academy of Inventors. The honor, for which they were nominated by their peers, is based on their history of outstanding inventions and discoveries.
Berkeley Lab researchers have used a unique optical metamaterial with zero-index refraction to generate phase mismatch–free nonlinear light, an important step towards efficient light generation for future quantum networks and light sources.
Current official inventories of methane emissions, a potent greenhouse gas released from landfills, livestock ranches and oil and gas facilities, may be underestimated both nationally and in California by a factor of about 1.5, according to new research from Berkeley Lab and others.
Three Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers have been named 2013 Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Election as a AAAS Fellow is an honor bestowed upon AAAS members by their peers.
A unique inside look at the electronic structure of a highly touted metal-organic framework (MOF) as it is adsorbing carbon dioxide gas should help in the design of new and improved MOFs for carbon capture and storage.
Researchers at Berkeley Lab have demonstrated in the laboratory a lithium-sulfur (Li/S) battery that has more than twice the specific energy of lithium-ion batteries, and that lasts for more than 1,500 cycles of charge-discharge with minimal decay of the battery’s capacity. This is longest cycle life reported so far for any lithium-sulfur battery.
Understanding superconductivity – whereby certain materials can conduct electricity without any loss of energy – has proved to be one of the most persistent problems in modern physics. Scientists have struggled for decades to develop a cohesive theory of superconductivity, largely spurred by the game-changing prospect of creating a superconductor that works at room temperature, but it has proved to be a tremendous tangle of complex physics. Now scientists at Berkeley Lab have teased out another important tangle from this giant ball of string, bringing us a significant step closer to understanding how high- temperature superconductors work their magic.
Two of the biggest challenges in carbon nanotube research have been met with the development by Berkeley Lab researchers of a technique that can be used to identify the structure of an individual carbon nanotube and characterize its electronic and optical properties in a functional device.
California is on track to meet its state-mandated targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions for 2020, but it will not be able to meet its 2050 target without bold new technologies and policies. This is the conclusion of the California Greenhouse Gas Inventory Spreadsheet (GHGIS), a new model developed by the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) to look at how far existing policies and technologies can get us in emissions reductions.
The LUX dark matter experiment at the Sanford Underground Research Facility has announced its first results in the search for weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). Following an initial three-month run, LUX has demonstrated that it has a sensitivity limit three times better than any previous dark matter search, establishing new bounds on possible properties of WIMPs.
Taking inspiration from the human immune system, researchers at Berkeley Lab have created a new material that can be programmed to identify an endless variety of molecules. The new material resembles tiny sheets of Velcro, each just one-hundred nanometers across. But instead of securing your sneakers, this molecular Velcro mimics the way natural antibodies recognize viruses and toxins, and could lead to a new class of biosensors.
Berkeley Lab researchers found thousands of gene enhancers - regulatory sequences of DNA that act to turn-on or amplify the expression of a specific gene – that are involved in the development of the human face. These enhancers help explain why every human face is as unique as a fingerprint.